Coke & Refined Petroleum Products Industry
Coke & Refined Petroleum Products Industry?
This division includes the transformation of crude petroleum and coal into usable products. The dominant process is petroleum refining, which involves the separation of crude petroleum into component products through such techniques as cracking and distillation. This division includes the manufacture of gases such as ethane, propane and butane as products of petroleum refineries.
This division also includes the manufacture for own account of characteristic products (e.g. coke, butane, propane, petrol, kerosene, fuel oil etc.) as well as processing services (e.g. custom refining).
Petroleum coke, abbreviated coke or petcoke, is a final carbon-rich solid material that derives from oil refining, and is one type of the group of fuels referred to as cokes. Petcoke is the coke that, in particular, derives from a final cracking process—a thermo-based chemical engineering process that splits long chain hydrocarbons of petroleum into shorter chains—that takes place in units termed coker units.
Stated succinctly, coke is the “carbonization product of high-boiling hydrocarbon fractions obtained in petroleum processing (heavy residues)”. Petcoke is also produced in the production of synthetic crude oil (syncrude) from bitumen extracted from Canada’s oil sands and from Venezuela’s Orinoco oil sands.
Coke & Refined Petroleum Products
Manufacture of coke oven products
Manufacture of refined petroleum products
Role of Shamkris
A Project Report is a document that provides details on the overall picture of the proposed business. The project report gives an account of the project proposal to ascertain the prospects of the proposed plan/activity.
Shamkris will provide a Project report covering Industry License requirements, competitor analysis, Land requirements, machinery requirements, equipment requirements, and financial requirements.
Some of the areas covered in the project report are outlined below:
- Project Description
- Uses and Applications
- Market Survey
- Raw Materials
- Manufacturing Process
- Process Description
- Process Flow Diagram
- Plant Layout
- Details of Plant & Machinery
- Suppliers of Raw Materials
- Suppliers of Plant & Machinery
- Plant Location Factors
- Land & building Required
- Power and Water Required
- Details of Manpower Required
- Financials of the Project
- License and application Certificate
Financials of the Project includes:
- Land and Building Costs
- Plant and Machinery Costs
- Other Fixed Assets
- Fixed Capital Investment
- Raw Material Costs
- Salaries and Wages
- Total Working Capital
- Cost of Project
- Total Capital Investment
- Cost of Production
- Turnover per Annum
- Profitability Analysis
- 5-year Profit Analysis
- Break-even Point
- Resources of Finance
- Cash Flow Statement
- Projected Balance Sheet
These petroleum products include gasoline, distillates such as diesel fuel and heating oil, jet fuel, petrochemical feedstocks, waxes, lubricating oils, and asphalt.
The invention of the automobile shifted the demand to gasoline and diesel, which remain the primary refined products today.